Coronavirus is a serious illness that's affecting many people globally. It's newsworthy because it's a so-called "novel coronavirus," meaning it's different from others that international centers for disease control have encountered previously. It presents with symptoms similar to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and understandably, the World Health Organization is taking it seriously. For many, however, it's simply presenting as a mild cold or flu and resolving fairly easily (here are the statistics). As a result, many parents are wondering how much they should be worrying, and how to talk to their children about the outbreak.
Let's start with examining our own understanding of, and reaction to, this new coronavirus. Unfortunately, no one knows how serious this outbreak is likely to become. We can all pray that it disappears before it causes more illnesses or fatalities. It's a good idea to stay abreast of what the World Health Organization is saying
about it to help avoid any misinformation that we might receive from other sources. Rolling updates and information are available here. Note that the name doesn't change with the New Year; it's still known as the 2019 disease.
We also need to know our part in disease control and prevention. This is not "someone else's problem" to fix.
If we feel ill or have a sick child, stay home. Period. Please don't "wait and see" while going about your business as usual. Indeed, a sniffle is still unlikely to be the coronavirus disease. I don't suggest we be alarmist about it; panic is the last thing we need. To the extent that others may be worried about it, however, it's simply courteous to keep our germs to ourselves while we're on higher alert than usual. Update as of 11 March: please practice social distancing to keep yourself and others safe, even if you have no symptoms whatsoever.
Model behavior we want to see. According to this report, only 30% of people wash their hands--and of those 30%, only 50% do it right. Please practice good hygiene consistently and have your children do the same.
Prepare accordingly. Experts recommend people have a few weeks' worth of food, water, and medications on hand. Contrary to popular belief, the main concern isn't shortages; it's simply best to avoid crowds if people in your community have fallen ill. Many common natural remedies and pharmaceutical options may prove helpful. (source)
Some misguided people might be tempted to blame a particular country or ethnicity for its existence and impact on other countries. Children, unfortunately, might hear this. Please assure your children that, just because COVID-19 appears to have originated in China, that does not make Chinese people responsible for it. It could've started anywhere.
You're the best gauge when it comes to your child's emotional readiness for the details of COVID-19. Older kids will likely be more willing to establish and be diligent about good hygiene if they know more of the details. Please don't "protect" them emotionally by not discussing it; as the saying goes, information is power. Do stress, if they get to this level, that they're very unlikely to die from the disease. Fortunately, to date, most children have fared very well. You might frame it, however, that many of the people who they encounter on a regular
basis might not have an immune system that's as strong as theirs, so by being careful themselves, they're giving others a better shot at avoiding the outbreak.
For younger kids, I do not recommend talking about people dying from it. What I've said to some young people (aged 10 and under) is this:
"There's an especially tricky virus going around and making some people really sick, so we need to make sure to wash our hands extra well and often. I'll take care of you and help keep our family safe.”
And this is the important part: follow up. When they go to the playground, they should bring hand wipes or sanitizer with them. If you join them, make sure they use it. When they get home, they should wash their hands correctly. Here's how. Please show them this video as a guide. It seems simple, but watching it here will help the message sink in. Please supervise their washing as necessary. Further, remind them not to touch their face until after they've washed their hands.
You really don't need to say more than this to young kids. Allow them to ask questions if they have any. Answer them simply and honestly. Refrain from offering too much information; they'll probe if they want to know more. Most simply can't grasp adult-level detail and it has the potential of creating undue anxiety for them. They don't need to feel helpless; they need to know how to wash their hands.
Kids will undoubtedly hear someone at school, or at one of their activities, cough or sneeze. As is human nature,
they might worry about whether it's COVID-19. Please reassure them that it's likely just a plain old cold or allergies. Odds are very strongly in favor of that being all it is. That said, do tell them that they don't need to play with or stand near anyone who's acting like they might be ill. They can move their bodies to another location. If they're concerned, they should talk to their teacher, coach, or another responsible adult. And yes, they should probably go wash their hands again if they've been near that person.
If we present it fearfully, they'll be fearful. If we present it with rational concern, however, it'll drive awareness without causing them to worry. Take care of yourself and your family, and to the extent that you can while being diligent, please continue to enjoy life as usual.